Record Details

Hellebuyck, Tom;Questel, Karl;Pasmans, Frank;Van Brantegem, Leen;Philip, Pascal;Martel, An
A virulent clone of Devriesea agamarum affects endangered Lesser Antillean iguanas (Iguana delicatissima)
Scientific Reports
2017
Journal Article
7
12491
1-6
Springer US
Iguana delicatissima
Infectious diseases affecting wildlife are drivers of global biodiversity loss. Here we report a bacterial threat to endangered wild reptiles. Since April 2011, a severe skin disease has affected free-ranging, endangered Lesser Antillean iguanas (Iguana delicatissima) on the French Caribbean island of Saint Barthélemy and we identified Devriesea agamarum as the causative agent. The presence of this bacterium was also demonstrated in healthy lizards (anoles) co-inhabiting the island. All isolates from the iguanas corresponded to a single AFLP genotype that until now has exclusively been associated with infections in lizard species in captivity. The clonal relatedness of the isolates and recent emergence of the disease suggest recent arrival of a virulent D. agamarum clone on the island. The presence of healthy but infected lizards suggests the presence of asymptomatic reservoir hosts. This is the first description of a bacterial disease that poses a conservation threat towards free-ranging squamates.
English