Record Details

Singleton, Jennifer M;Garland Jr., Theodore
Among-individual variation in desert iguanas (Squamata: Dipsosaurus dorsalis): endurance capacity is positively related to home range size
Physiological and Biochemical Zoology
Journal Article
Dipsosaurus dorsalis
Among species of lizards, endurance capacity measured on a motorized treadmill is positively related to daily movement distance and time spent moving, but few studies have addressed such relationships at the level of individual variation within a sex and age category in a single population. Both endurance capacity and home range size show substantial individual variation in lizards, rendering them suitable for such studies. We predicted that these traits would be positively related because endurance capacity is one of the factors that has the potential to limit home range size. We measured the endurance capacity and home range size of adult male desert iguanas (Dipsosaurus dorsalis). Lizards were field captured for measurements of endurance, and home range data were gathered using visual identification of previously marked individuals. Endurance was significantly repeatable between replicate trials, conducted 1-17 d apart (r = 0.539 for log-transformed values, N = 23, P = 0.008). The log of the higher of two endurance trials was positively but not significantly related to log body mass. The log of home range area was positively but not significantly related to log body mass, the number of sightings, or the time span from first to last sighting. As predicted, log endurance was positively correlated with log home range area (N = 21, r = 0.408, one-tailed P = 0.033; for body-mass residual endurance values: r = 0.465, one-tailed P = 0.017). These results suggest that endurance capacity may have a permissive effect on home range size. Alternatively, individuals with larger home ranges may experience training effects (phenotypic plasticity) that increase their endurance.