Record Details

Salb, Amanda;Mitchell, Mark A;Riggs, Shannon;Diaz-Figueroa, Orlando;Roy, Alma
Characterization of intestinal microflora of captive green iguanas, Iguana iguana
Journal of Herpetological Medicine and Surgery
Journal Article
Iguana iguana;veterinary health
Although frequently criticized for their large size and status as a reservoir for Salmonella spp., green iguanas, Iguana iguana, remain a popular pet reptile in the United States. Because green iguanas can harbor Salmonella spp., they can serve as a potential zoonotic health risk for humans, especially young children, infants, and those individuass with suppressed immune systems. The poultry industry has had success in suppressing and eliminating Salmonella spp. with direct competitive exclusion using non-pathogenic microbes harvest from the flora of healthy chickens. The purpose of this study was to characterize the aerobic and anaerobic bacterial and opportunistic fungal microflora of captive green iguanas using standard biochemical techniques, with the hope that this information could be used to establish a competitive exclusion product specific to green iguanas. A total of forty-seven different bacteria and fungi were isolated from the iguanas. Twenty of these isolates were characterized to the genus level in this study.